Main takeaways:   The EU, and its members, share a basic ‘set of beliefs, values and norms towards the use of military force’ with foundations in the EU’s policies and adherence to international law. There is a difference in nature between the Union’s and member states’ strategic culture. Whereas states develop strategic cultures from historical experiences,…

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Main takeaways:   Propaganda and disinformation are not new phenomena, but 30 years ago there was not yet technology which allows them to be spread at such speed and with so little transparency. Present-day disinformation and foreign interference present real threats to democratic societies. A strong rules-based EU response is needed to even the playing field…

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Main takeaways:   The COVID pandemic has sparked an infodemic – a whirlwind of mis- and dis-information, spanning traditional media platforms, social media, and countries across the world. A key component of the infodemic has been the mushrooming of conspiracy theories, which have aided extremist groups and foreign actors in their efforts to undermine democratic governments…

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Main takeaways:   The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), headquartered in New York, and currently active in twenty countries, coordinates the global emergency response to save lives and protect people in crisis areas. OCHA cannot deliver its mandate without the support of its donors and therefore receives voluntary contributions from a diverse…

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Main takeaways:   • Artificial Intelligence (A.I) is transforming several dimensions of warfare, including intelligence gathering and analysis, strategic and operational planning, procurement and logistics• There is increasing competition in the international arena regarding A.I., with countries aiming to develop technologies that give them military advantage• The security and defence sector should prepare to leverage the…

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Main takeaways:   Peace education is a necessary tool for teaching children and young people, through parents and teachers, so they can learn how to manage and transform conflict. Regardless of religion, culture, beliefs and interests, these should not impact the community and the way the community interacts amongst one another. Education can play an important…

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Main takeaways:   AI and machine learning are effective tools in reviewing huge amounts of content and helping identify mis/disinformation and user accounts that are used for the purpose of amplifying harmful messages. It is important to look at the content, the origins, and the reach of the message to be able to verify it and…

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By Benjamin P. Beames Turkey’s President, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, and his Justice and Development Party (AKP) affect the nation’s foreign policy by offering a selective account of the nation’s history. By reviving a consciousness of empire, the Turkish government is effectively masking their foreign policies behind a veneer of revisionism. During the past decade, under…

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By Jennifer Zhang The foreign policy community puts out thousands of reports and position papers each year. Yet, these publications often receive little attention outside of diplomatic circles and vanish into a vortex of briefings and communiqués whose recommendations are rarely carried out.  Reasons for low engagement This lack of interest can potentially be traced to the steep…

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