Can Putin Resurrect Russia and Reassert it as a Global Power?
By William Houstoun posted on March 16, 2014 in ,
Following the end of World War II, the Soviet Union under Russia’s control was considered the major power in Europe and Asia, rivaled in economic and military strength by only the U.S. However, since the Soviet Union’s collapse in 1991, Russia has fallen considerably from the global stage and, though still retaining a permanent seat on the U.N. Security Council, has slowly been eclipsed by other regional powers. The U.S. has clearly surpassed it in terms of military strength, while China, Germany, and other country’s economies have risen above it.
The East’s Dilemma: The Power of Persuasion and the Importance of Influence
By Catherine Lefèvre posted on January 16, 2014 in , ,
Russian president Vladimir Putin once described the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 as the ‘greatest geopolitical catastrophe of the 20th century.’ It is no secret that Russia has been trying to recover its geopolitical influence in former Soviet states to become a regional hegemon once more. But these states, freed from Russia’s control, became open to new spheres of influence, particularly from the European Union.
The Integration of Church and State in Russian Policy
By William Houstoun posted on November 19, 2013 in ,
The Russian Orthodox Church serves two distinct functions: first and arguably foremost, the Church is a community for the faithful. Second, the Church has become one of Russia’s largest social and political institutions: between 10 and 14 million Russians consider themselves members of the Church, according to Professor of National Security Studies at the U.S. Naval War College Nikolas Gvosdev.
In a recent post, I advocated for an expanded American strategic relationship with India. High-level cooperation between the two countries would create a disincentive toward aggressive action on the part of China. Expanding the partnership may therefore be an effective means of securing regional balance. The growth of this relationship, however, should not be solely based on overtures of threats to India’s national security.
The US—India relationship is vital to America’s political and economic interests. A recent speech by Assistant Secretary Robert Blake affirmed that future cooperation falls within the purview of the current US strategy of pivoting toward Asia. The United States and India have enjoyed the benefits of strong economic ties since the end of Nehru-style socialism, ushered in by Dr. Manmohan Singh’s reforms in the early 1990s.
Last week, members of the Grand Strategy and Middle East Discussion Groups held a joint meeting where they discussed the lessons learned from countering violent extremism (CVE). Bidjan Nashat, a member of the Middle East group, walked the groups through current CVE theories and practices. CVE is a complex problem, with interconnected players that support or actively generate violence. Participants can be individuals, non-state actors, or even states themselves.